Transformational Leadership

What is Transformational Leadership?

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Ever seen a caterpillar hanging from a tree? Filthy green creature, unnoticed and ignored. Well, one day the caterpillar stops eating, hangs itself from a tree, and spins itself into a shiny chrysalis. Gradually, the caterpillar radically transforms its body features and emerges as a beautiful butterfly. The transformation of a caterpillar into a butterfly is one of the most exquisite processes. It not only shows how transformation is an integral part of our lives but also how transformation is beautiful. It is a process of change in form, character, nature, or appearance. 

Transformational leadership style is thus, a comprehensive and integrated leadership characteristic required of individuals traveling the path of transformation. It is a leadership style where leaders work beyond their self-interest to identity change so that they can encourage and motivate their employees to innovate and drive them towards the process of change. Transformational leaders are the ones who can take charge in a group, stand out and motivate the group to work towards the success of the company.

This form of leadership in particular was crafted to be integrated and holistic, serving as a strong framework to anchor your own leadership ideas and experiments. Without such a comprehensive framework, leaders risk adopting the latest leadership style of the day found in the local market.

Now in recent times, it is the leader’s ability to instill clarity of purpose and meaning in an organization. Creating places of purpose, that were once thought to be a New Age fad, is now a survival card for organizations as competent workers seek meaning in their work and market changes necessitate transformational change. So, as leaders, how do you create a positive environment in which purpose dominates action and individual spirit shines?- This is a question to reflect upon.

Transformational Leadership Model 

Historians, political scientists, and sociologists have known for a long time that leadership went beyond the concept of social exchange between the leader and the followers. Weber’s (1924/1947) investigation of charisma exemplified such research. However, the concept of the transformational leadership model was introduced for the first time by James V. Downton, which was further developed by James MacGregor Burns. According to theory leaders and followers motivate and inspire one another to higher levels of morality and motivation. Later, Bernard M. Bass created on Burns’ original ideas to create what is now known as Bass’ Transformational Leadership Theory. 

Transformational leadership, according to Bass, can be defined by the impact it has on followers. Transformational leaders, according to Bass, inspire followers’ trust, respect, and admiration. These were early on traits on which transformational leaders stood upon. These traits have now expanded threefold. Let us discover the traits of a transformational leader.

Characteristics of Transformational Leadership

Charismatic- A transformational leader is like a role model to his followers. He inspires trust and commitment to a cause. Charisma refers to the ability to inspire a vision, it is the ability of an individual to influence others where there is an anticipation of becoming a part of something greater than self.

Visionary- A transformational leader creates a compelling vision of the desired future. They influence others with high expectations towards the desired future. They do this by setting standards and instilling optimism by giving a sense of meaning and commitment towards the goals and the dreams they want to achieve.

Empowering and Motivating- Transformational leaders continuously motivate their followers. The goal of the leader is a shared goal of the team. Thus, motivation becomes a major part of the process of achieving the goal. The followers feel valued and empowered. They extend a sense of purpose and meaning to achieve the goals. They inspire from the basic foundation of truth.

Intellectual and Analytical- Transformational leaders are well educated, well informed and they give a new perspective to old problems. They promote creativity, challenge boundaries, and apply a range of ideas and approaches to find solutions. They nurture independent and critical thinking and are always eager to learn.

Community builder- Transformational Leaders always work as a team and give importance to each member. They motivate their followers and drive them toward a common goal. They believe in community building. They feel that purpose alone can never be enough for achieving a goal.

Transformational Leadership Advantages and Disadvantages.

In the current corporate-run transformational leadership style is becoming popular day by day. What is the reason? Well, the answer is simple, the numerous advantages that transformational leadership style holds are bringing tons of popularity to the current picture. Let us explore some of these advantages.

Optimized performance and productivity gain- The employees in a transformational leadership style are motivated to do what they are asked to do. The main reason that underlines this behavior is the strong commitment of the employees to their organization. This motivation acts as a perfect source and thus increases productivity and performance level.

Aligned Goal- Transformational leadership style encourages employees to work towards a common goal. They have a shared vision and are constantly motivated by the leader to achieve the desired goal. They all work together as one and share a common purpose.

Now, let us explore some of the disadvantages of this leadership style.

Complex process- Although it is evident that transformational leadership helps to build strong follower commitment, the process of inspiring followers and building follower commitment is quite complex. The importance of charisma in comprehending this process cannot be overstated.

Power Concentration- The power is increasingly concentrated in the hands of the leader, who has absolute authority. The leader has far more privileges than the rest of the group. Followers regard the leader in a semi-divine light and they are the sole source of key ideas.

Transformational leaders are clearly capable of instilling strong follower commitment and loyalty. Building on follower trust and promoting follower self-esteem and self-efficacy results in more satisfied followers overall, as well as followers who are more satisfied with the quality of their leadership than non transformational leaders followers. 

Some of the most famous leaders like Jeff Bezos, Amazon, Nelson Mandela, Mahatma Gandhi, Abraham Lincoln, Margaret Thatcher, Reed Hastings of Netflix are all transformational leaders who have changed the phase of the world. John Quincy Adams has quoted “If your actions inspire others to dream more, learn more, do more and become more, you are a leader.” 

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